Category: Diet

Sodium restriction diet

Sodium restriction diet

Publ: Three Rivers Press, Resttriction Post-workout nutrition advice Emotional well-being Label. If you have a health condition such as chronic kidney disease or type 2 diabetes, talk to your doctor about the limit that's right for you.

Sodium restriction diet -

Sodium occurs naturally in most foods. The most common form of sodium is sodium chloride , which may be found sold as—depending on the size and shape of the salt crystals— table salt , sea salt , and kosher salt , among others. Milk, beets, and celery also naturally contain sodium, as does drinking water, although the amount varies depending on the source.

Sodium is also added to various food products. Some of these added forms are monosodium glutamate MSG , sodium nitrite , sodium saccharin , baking soda sodium bicarbonate , and sodium benzoate. Because large amounts of salts are given out by regenerative water softeners , over 60 cities in Southern California have banned them because of elevated salt levels in ground water reclamation projects.

Water labeled as "drinking water" in supermarkets contains natural sodium since it is usually only filtered with a carbon filter and will contain any sodium present in the source water.

Condiments and seasonings such as Worcestershire sauce , soy sauce , onion salt , garlic salt , and bouillon cubes contain sodium. Processed meats , such as bacon , sausage , and ham , and canned soups and vegetables are all examples of foods that contain added sodium.

Fast foods are generally very high in sodium. Unprocessed, fresh foods, such as fresh fruits, most vegetables, beef, poultry, fish and unprocessed grains are low in sodium.

Low— or no—sodium products, and corresponding versions of products otherwise high in sodium, can be found in stores as well as online. Salt substitutes such as potassium chloride may be used to provide a similar taste to salt while reducing sodium intake, and flavor additives such as monosodium glutamate can help reduce sodium intake by enhancing other flavors.

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Health effects [ edit ] A low sodium diet has a useful effect to reduce blood pressure, both in people with hypertension and in people with normal blood pressure. Low sodium content [ edit ] Unprocessed, fresh foods, such as fresh fruits, most vegetables, beef, poultry, fish and unprocessed grains are low in sodium.

DIANE Publishing. ISBN The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 4 : CD doi : PMID The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. PMC Retracted, see doi : Retraction Watch.

Retrieved Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Group ed. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Those especially high in salt are marked with an asterisk.

You should avoid eating these foods with an asterisk and limit the quantity taken of the other foods. Foods with a relatively low salt intake are listed in Table B. These foods should form the stable part of your diet if you are going to be successful in restricting your dietary salt intake.

Notice that the low salt food diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, unsalted nuts and grains, pasta, fresh dairy products, most fresh meat, fish, and shellfish.

The third step, which is especially important for those who have to eat predominantly processed, canned, frozen and prepared foods and drinks, is to become curious about the salt content of these foods and drinks from information on the label.

The fourth step is to have your dietary salt intake assessed from a hour urine collection. You can discuss this, and its interpretation, with your physician.

For those who need to lose body weight, it is ideal to use low fat or skimmed milk dairy products in place of full cream, milk, yogurt, and ice cream. These foods are useful in achieving a salt restricted intake. Note that some full-cream cheeses have a very high salt intake Table A.

A reduction in salt intake will only be successful if you are motivated to make a significant change in your choices of foods and in your habits of eating.

It is advisable for many to use this opportunity to reduce body weight by a calorie-restricted, carbohydrate-restricted diet and to increase exercise, ideally to 30 minutes of aerobic exercise daily if this is within your capability. However, this description deals specifically with dietary salt intake rather than dietary means to reduce weight.

How to Assess Salt Intake You can get a rough idea of your salt intake by reference to the accompanying table of foods that are especially high or low in salt.

Goals of Salt Restriction Most people in America eat food containing mmol of sodium each day and excrete a corresponding amount of sodium in their urine.

Salt Intake and Eating Habits Three-quarters of the salt that we eat currently is already added to the food before it reaches the table. Steps to Achieving a Salt-Restricted Diet These are several steps to achieving a salt-restricted diet.

Foods that contain little salt Fruits and fruit juices Vegetables and salads Unsalted nuts Grains and pasta Eggs, milk, yogurt, ice cream Chocolate Most fresh meats, fish and shellfish Cottage cheese Carbonated drinks and alcoholic beverages Further Reading The following provide good general advice about a healthy diet: US Department of Health and Human Services, NIH, NHLBI, NIH Publication No.

Your Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure with DASH. Moore T, Svetkey L, Lin P-H and Karanja N. The DASH diet for hypertension: Lower your blood pressure in 14 days without drugs.

Publ: The Free Press, New York, N. Willett, W. Eat, drink and be healthy: The Harvard Medical School guide to healthy eating. Ellis, P. The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Creative Cooking for Renal Diets. Publ: Senay Publishing Inc. A DASH Cookbook , and other materials for healthy diets are available from the receptionist in the Division of Nephrology and Hypertension.

Please feel free to take out one of these books for your use. Please remember to return it within weeks so that it can be used by others.

The following are practical guides to how to select and prepare food, with low salt content. Gittleman, AI. Get the Salt Out. Publ: Three Rivers Press, James, SV and McIndou, H.

Publ: AlphalPenguin, Logue, D. Publ: Fair Winds Press, The following is an excellent reference for the salt content of foods: IDocumenta Geigy: Scientific Table, Seventh Edition.

Publ: Geigy Pharmaceuticals, , pp. Pocket Guide to Low Sodium Foods. PubI: InData Group Inc. Relative contributions of dietary sodium sources. J Am Coli Nutr ,

NOTE: FDA has Craving control final changes restrlction update resgriction Nutrition Facts label for packaged resgriction. For more information, see Post-workout nutrition advice to the Nutrition Sodium restriction diet Spdium. Spanish Español. Your body needs a small amount of sodium to work properly, but too much sodium can be bad for your health. Diets higher in sodium are associated with an increased risk of developing high blood pressurewhich is a major cause of stroke and heart disease. Sodium restriction diet



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